By now. most people have seen headlines or soundbytes about the report. The Congressional Budget Office is a nonpartisan group. The head of the CBO was actually appointed by the GOP. The purpose of the office is to provide Congress with a source of “objective” information about the financial impact of legislation that is independent from information provided by the Executive Branch. In a complex world, this actually makes sense.
What the CBO report actually says:
- Health insurance costs for individuals will under the new act (the AHCA is also known as “Trumpcare”), will increase through the year 2020 and may decrease after that. The CBO expects increases in health insurance premiums under the new law of between 15% and 20% for 2018 and 2019 under the new law. However, the CBO argues that by 2026, premiums might be 10% lower than under the ACA.
- Some professionals refer to these as “hockey stick” forecasts, with a positive result occurring sometime in the remote future. That could happen, but usually unforeseen events preempt the desired result.
- Healthcare costs should decline for people in their 20s, but will increase sharply for older Americans. The proposed tax credits will be insufficient to cover the cost increase.
- The CBO estimates a $337 decrease in the Federal deficit from the AHCA law, mostly due to the repeal of Medicaid expansion and the end of subsidies for health insurance. (As noted, the tax credits are smaller than the current subsidies.) That averages out to about $33.7 billion per year.
- The current US deficit is $441 billion in the current fiscal year. Obviously, any reduction is good, but a savings of less than 10% of the deficit isn’t a cause for celebration.
- The US budget deficit is expected to expand by over $10 trillion over the next decade, after shrinking during the Obama administration.
- The Medicaid rollback will cost 14 million people their healthcare coverage immediately. That plus the increase in out of pocket expense will ultimately mean that 24 million people will be forced to do without health insurance.
- The CBO expects that some states will lose Federal funding for Medicaid in 2020 by their failure to provide the matching funds required under the new law. That will further reduce Federal spending.
- The matching funds requirement simply moves part of the tax burden from the Federal government to the states, and may require increases in state taxes.
- Existing law requires the CBO to provide guidance on the impact of the law on the economy. However, the CBO claims it has not had sufficient time to do this.
- My argument is that anything that takes money away from consumers will be a drag on economic recovery. This law does, by raising health care out-of-pocket expenses for most people.
- Congressional Budget Office, “Cost Estimate,” 13 March 2017. https://www.cbo.gov/publication/52486 I’ve downloaded a pdf of the report from the CBO website, and will share it on request.
- Emily Stephenson, “U.S. deficit forecast to shrink in 2017 but climb over next decade,” Reuters, 24 January 2017. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-budget-idUSKBN158217